Title: Optimization methodology for beam gauges of the bus body for weight reduction
Authors: Jain, Richa
Tandon, Punnet
Vasantha Kumar, Mahadevappa
Citation: Applied and Computational Mechanics. 2014, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 47-62.
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: University of West Bohemia
Document type: article
URI: http://www.kme.zcu.cz/acm/acm/article/view/229/269
ISSN: 2336-1182 (Online)
1802-680X (Print)
Keywords: autobusy;optimalizace úchylkoměrů;redukce váhy;lineární statická analýza;vibrační analýza
Keywords in different language: buses;gauge optimization;weight reduction;linear static analysis;vibration analysis
Abstract: During service, a bus is subjected to various loads that cause stresses, vibrations and noise in the different components of its structure. It requires appropriate strength, stiffness and fatigue properties of the components to be able to stand these loads. Besides, quality and optimum weight of the vehicle, for efficient energy consumption, safety and provision of the comfort to the user are highly desired. The present work proposes a methodology to minimize the bus weight by modifying its beam gauges to optimum thickness. The bus performance is evaluated by multiple iterations on the basis of parameters like frequency, distortion, stress and stiffness. The algorithm performs gauge optimization of the bus by analyzing and satisfying its structural strength through linear static analysis on a laden bus. It also performs structural stiffness analysis and vibration analysis for safety of the bus structure. This work unfolds an integrated methodology to the bus manufacturers to optimize the structural weight for improving the fuel efficiency, static and dynamic safety, and robust design. The work is implemented by creating a finite element model of the bus and optimizing in HyperWorks environment. The results are verified for a full length 11 m, 65 seats bus. The methodology helps in weight reduction along with improvement in performance parameters.
Rights: © 2014 University of West Bohemia. All rights reserved.
Appears in Collections:Volume 8, number 1 (2014)
Volume 8, number 1 (2014)

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/11671

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