Title: Kritické zhodnocení Popperova řešení problému indukce
Other Titles: A critical evaluation of Popper’s solution to the problem of induction
Authors: Sloup, Ondřej
Citation: Antropowebzin. 2015, č. 3-4, s. 117-126.
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: AntropoWeb
Document type: článek
URI: http://www.antropoweb.cz/webzin/index.php/webzin/index
ISSN: 1801–8807
Keywords: Popper, K. R.;kritický racionalismus;problém indukce;potvrzení;racionální predikce
Keywords in different language: Popper, K. R.;critical rationalism;problem of induction;corroboration;rational prediction
Abstract in different language: Is there any kind of justification for a belief that the future will be largely like the past? In the eighteenth century David Hume formulated the problem of induction in a similar spirit, and his version is now conventional. Even two hun- dred and fifty years after Hume’s death, the ef- fort to justify inductive inferences still preoccupies philosophers. Sir Karl Popper believed that he had successfully solved this fundamental philosophical problem. The present article introduces the prob- lematic situation formulated by David Hume, fol- lowed by Popper’s original solution to the problem. Along with that, relevant criticism from JohnWor- rall and Wes Salmon will be presented. It concen- trates on Popper’s rejection of induction and the related inability to implement any prediction about the future within critical rationalism. The validity or failure of Popper’s solution is discussed towards the end of the article, together with a reconsider- ation of the current state of the debate. The last part of the study is devoted to the author’s pro- posal, which should be able to stand up against anti-Popperian objections while remaining within the boundaries of critical-rationalist methodology.
Rights: AntropoWebzin vychází pod licencí Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Appears in Collections:Číslo 3-4 (2015)
Články / Articles (KFI)
Číslo 3-4 (2015)

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