Title: Metternich and civil war in Switzerland
Authors: Pásztorová, Barbora
Citation: West Bohemian Historical Review. 2018, no. 1, p. 19-45.
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: článek
URI: http://wbhr.cz/index.php/issues
ISSN: 1804-5480
Keywords: občanská válka;Švýcarsko;Klemens Wenzel von Metternic;19. století;Sonderbund;švýcarská konfederace;německá konfederace
Keywords in different language: civil war;Switzerland;Klemens Wenzel von Metternic;19th century;Sonderbund;Swiss confederation;German confederation
Abstract in different language: The purpose of this study is analysis of Austrian Chancellor Metternich’s approach towards the civil war in Switzerland, which ensued in 1847 between the Catholic and Protestant cantons, and evaluation of the consequences of Metternich’s diplomatic defeat, for him personally and also for Austria and its relationship with the German Confederation. Eruption of the conflict itself, its progress and its consequences will be discussed. Metternich considered the dispute in Switzerland to be an issue for Austria, because he believed that the radical (Protestant) cantons’ efforts to create a unified federal state could act as an impulse for the increased involvement of German nationalists who would finally trigger a revolution in Germany. He made all possible effort to prevent this development, however, his intention this time was not just to use diplomatic means, but also armed intervention by Austria and France and he also considered using military assistance from the states of the German Confederation. But his efforts failed, the Sonderbund, a military defensive alliance of the seven Catholic conservative cantons created for the purpose of protecting the sovereignty of the cantons, was defeated in the civil war and a new federal constitution was adopted in Switzerland. The Prince’s fears were realised when the victory of the Swiss radicals became one of the impulses for a revolution in Germany and Italy in 1848.
Rights: © Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Appears in Collections:Číslo 1 (2018)
Číslo 1 (2018)

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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/34483

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