Title: Vztah spišských Romů k přírodě ve světle antropologických teorií
Other Titles: Relationship of Romanies from Spiš to nature in light of anthropological theories
Authors: Pelikán, Vojtěch
Citation: AntropoWebzin. 2010, č. 3, s. 205-210.
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: AntropoWeb
Document type: článek
URI: http://antropologie.zcu.cz/webzin/index.php/webzin/article/view/114
ISSN: 1801-8807
Keywords: Romové;Spiš;kulturní stereotypy;příroda;zemědělství;rituální nečistota
Keywords in different language: Romanies;Spiš;cultural stereotypes;nature;agriculture;ritual impurity
Abstract: This article deals with relation between Romanies from Spiš and nature. It discusses its connections with their ethnic identity. It fits the topic in context of anthropological theories, which are completed with knowledge of psychologists and gypsy-focused historians. It argues with a shortcut of harmonious coexistence of Romanies and nature (“Myth of the ecologically noble savage”) and also with authors who deny them direct relationship with nature. Study finds theoretical background among five authors dealing with foreign gypsy groups from anthropological perspective. At the end text formulates two hypotheses: Romanies from Spiš have distinctive relationship with nature and their ethnicity can be view as both “non-Gorgio” and “non-natural”.  The non-agrarian relationship to landscape (nature as environment) is more specific and is rather evolving contrary to majority; however, landscape in surroundings of settlements has strong spiritual tone and acts as a space of immediate interaction with supernatural. Dichotomy nature-culture (relationship to nature as a principle) is quite similar to other ethnic groups and to our non-modern history. Second hypothesis comes from studies upon relevant majority stereotypes of Gypsies. It says major look on Romanies is in many ways similar to our view of nature and also has very analogical evolution.
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Appears in Collections:Číslo 3 (2010)
Číslo 3 (2010)

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