Title: Qom: náboženské centrum Íránu
Authors: Sobotková, Veronika
Křížek, Daniel
Citation: SVOBODOVÁ, Veronika; KŘÍŽEK, Daniel. Qom: náboženské centrum Íránu. 1. vyd. Plzeň: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, 2016. 123 s. ISBN 978-80-261-0552-7.
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: monografie
URI: http://www.kbs.zcu.cz
ISBN: 978-80-261-0552-7
Keywords: Írán;náboženství;architektura;kultura;významné osobnosti
Keywords in different language: Iran;religion;architecture;culture;personalities
Abstract in different language: The holy city of Qom is the leading center of Shi’ite Islam and one of the world´s most important religious centers. For some people it is the true capital of Islamic Republic Iran. Although Qom is mentioned in the West on many occasions (scholar works, analytical papers, journalistic contributions), hardly anyone knows more than its name. A similar situation applies to the Qom religious architecture that is not systematically documented (textually nor visually) in any of the leading publication on Islamic architecture. The book comprehensively introduces the history of the city, the development of the hawza Qom, the influence of Qomi clerics, and further the material and spiritual culture and the architecture of Qom. The authors stayed several times in the holy city of Qom and would like to take this opportunity to highlight the importance of Qom in the history and contemporary world and to mediate its beauty and unique atmosphere for those who have no such opportunity. The book is basically divided into two main parts, the first deals with the history of the city, the second part presents the architecture and the related spiritual culture. The history of the city itself, to a certain extent, symbolizes the entire evolution of Shi’ite Islam and the events in Qom have had a strong influence on the development of Persia, Iran and today´s Islamic Republic of Iran. The specific chapter on the formation of Shiite Islam, the life and legacy of twelve Imams is also inserted, as all this history has never been explained properly in the Czech academic environment and the separation of branches of Islam has been presented always from the viewpoint of mainstream Sunni Islam. The book further shows how the city became the Shi’ite leading center and how it maintains its position as a counterbalance of shrine cities in Iraq. The great attention is paid to the situation of city and its hawzas during the Pahlavi regime and especially to the role of the Qom in the time of Islamic revolution. The historic section is completed with a brief presentation of the importance of Qomi clerics in the current Islamic Republic of Iran and with the short description of the system of seminary studies in Qom. The second part of the book is opened with the general introduction concerning developments of architecture in Persia and Iran. The main religious buildings in Qom are then introduced, including their historical background, architectural features and elements. This part is richly accompanied by photographs to illustrate (at least) a little of the beauty of sacral buildings and areas. The descriptions of the material artefacts are further accompanied by selected examples of manifestations of the spiritual life in sacral spaces including details related to the religious pilgrimages experience, the religious festivals and its rituals, customs and traditions. Some of the photos published in this book are especially valuable. Taking pictures in the interior of the shrine Hadrat Masume is normally prohibited but thanks to kindly permission given by the headquarters of the shrine Hadrat Masume we were able to take pictures of this unique place and later to publish them. Also in the Library of Marashi Najafi we were kindly allowed to take pictures of the rare and beautiful manuscripts. For this we are very grateful to both institutions.
Rights: © Veronika Sobotková-Daniel Křížek
Appears in Collections:Monografie / Monographs

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