Title: Hnutie Anonymous: príklad dočasnej autonómie zóny v kybernetickom priestore
Authors: Novotný, Jaroslav
Citation: Akta Fakulty filozofické Západočeské univerzity v Plzni. 2016, č. 3, s. 80-100.
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: article
článek
URI: http://ff.zcu.cz/research/edicni-cinnost/acta/archiv/2016/
http://hdl.handle.net/11025/26206
ISSN: 1802-0364 (print)
2336-6346 (online)
Keywords: hnutí Anonymous;dočasná autonomní zóna;post-anarchismus;antikapitalismus;Hakim Bey
Keywords in different language: movement Anonymous;temporary autonomous zone;post-anarchism;anti-capitalism;Hakim Bey
Abstract in different language: The Temporary Autonomous Zone by Hakim Bey has elicited a great response from the anarchist movement. Based on the historical events of the 20th century, the author has refuted the concept of the revolution and openly criticizes it as damaging to the fight for a stateless society. His affinity for the uprising is to a certain degree innovative. On the other hand, he has faced much criticism, mostly from social anarchists. Murray Bookchin considers his theory to be a counter-productive element suitable only for the privileged bourgeoisie. The basis of Bey’s theory is the creation of temporary autonomous zones that could escape the attention of the omnipresent state. TAZ is substantially an uprising, a guerilla operation that temporarily removes the control of the state from a certain area. It is meant to appear in a specific place and time and if it is discovered by the system, the participants are to leave and create a new zone in more suitable circumstances. According to the author, TAZ enables a micro version of an anarchist society here and now. Violence against the state and the police is senseless, as it only brings self-sacrifice and martyrdom without any real effect. Bey considered the rise of the computer sciences, hacking, and data piracy to play a key part in the creation of TAZ. In his view, TAZ must also occupy a place on the web. This placement is virtual and immediate. This practically means that an individual can participate in TAZ from any place on the planet through connection to virtual space. Real space and time ceases to be the only option for the existence of TAZ. In this case, virtual and real space are equal and the differences between them disappear. This means that TAZ can be created in virtual space if it is not possible in real space. By using hacking, individuals can weaken the horizontal hierarchical structure of the net and use acquired information in the fight against the state and its institutions. The activities of the Anonymous movement are an example of TAZ in virtual space – this group was created in cyberspace and its decentralized inner structure follows the organisational principles of an anarchist community. Anonymous have political goals, but in recent years they have become divided. The free structure of the community and ideological neutrality resulted in members standing on opposite sides of the virtual barricades in many conflicts. In any case, this movement unequivocally represents an anti-system group on the edge of the law or even in illegality. Hacktivism is their dominant tool – the combination of political activism and hacking represents a guerilla operation in cyberspace. This form of political activity implements Bey’s definition of contra-net – the attacked subject is deprived of control of its own zone in cyberspace. This creates a TAZ which lasts until it is discovered. In this instant, the TAZ dissolves itself and arises in another time and another place. We believe that this study has fulfilled the established goal. By applying Bey’s concept of TAZ to the Anonymous movement, we can better understand the movement’s hierarchy and activities and can examine this matter from another perspective.
Rights: © Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Appears in Collections:Číslo 3 (2016)

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