Title: "Zmije svírá hrdlo tvoje, želeplná vlasti má!" : názory a postoje Josefa Františka Smetany - plzeňského vlasteneckého kněze, přírodovědce, historika a básníka
Other Titles: „The viper gripes your throat, my miserable fatherland“: thought and political opinions of František Josef Smetana – Pilsener patriotic catholic priest, scientist, historian and poet
Authors: Kumpera, Jan
Citation: BREITFELDER, Miroslav (red.). Dějepis XXIII: sborník katedry historie: napsán a sestaven k šedesátým narozeninám katedry1948 – 2008. Vyd. 1. Plzeň: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, Fakulta pedagogická, Katedra historie, 2008, s. 88-101. ISBN 978-80-7043-759-9.
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, Fakulta pedagogická, Katedra historie
Document type: konferenční příspěvek
URI: http://fpe.zcu.cz/khi/Dokumenty/Sborniky/SbornkXXIII.pdf
ISBN: 978-80-7043-759-9
Keywords: František Josef Smetana;Plzeň;učitelství;kněžství
Keywords in different language: František Josef Smetana;Pilsen;teaching;priesthood
Abstract in different language: The remarkable figure of the Czech national revival František Josef Smetana (1801-1861), an older cousin of the famous Czech composer Bedřich Smetana (whose studies he supervised at a college in Pilsen) was born in East Bohemia but since 1823 he connected his life with West Bohemia, particularly with its cultural centre. As a secondary school professor he spent most of his active life in Pilsen at a local philosophical college. This friend of prominent persons of the contemporary Czech culture and politics, e.g. historian Palacký or linguist Jungmann, represents a key personage of the early stage of a national revival in Pilsen. He supported not only the use of the Czech language at schools and he himself wrote first modern Czech textbooks (on history and astronomy and physics as well) but he combined linguistically questions also with political changes towards civil freedom and liberal demands. Especially in the revolutionary year 1848 he became a respected speaker of Pilsen liberals, students, intellectuals and petit bourgeoisie. In consequence of the defeat of liberal and patriotic revolutionary movement he faced the hatred and revenge of the reactionary absolutistic regime, being also persecuted by the Austrian secret police. In spite of this uneasy situation he continued in his patriotic activities – for example he organized a funeral of his friend, playwright Josef Kajetán Tyl (the author of the Czech national anthem) which changed on the 13th July 1856 into a national demonstration. The author of this study pays a special attention to ideological and political tendencies in Smetana´s late poetry (published, of course, much later after his death) in which this catholic priest sharply criticized his own Holy Church for its submission to an absolutistic Hapsburg monarchy and Viennese pro-German centralism. His sympathy went so far that he preferred Czech Hussites and their leaders Jan Hus and Jan Žižka to his loyalty to a remote and – in his words „reactionary Pope“ in Rome.
Rights: © Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Appears in Collections:Dějepis XXIII
Konferenční příspěvky / Conference papers (KHI)
Dějepis XXIII

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Kumpera.pdfPlný text126,87 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/35816

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.