Title: Evoluční epistemologie Stephena Toulmina
Authors: Lukešová, Anna
Citation: Acta Fakulty filozofické Západočeské univerzity v Plzni. 2012, č. 4, s. 130-149.
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: článek
URI: http://ff.zcu.cz/files/Acta-FF/2012/ACTA_FF_2012_4.pdf
ISSN: 1802-0364
Keywords: evoluční epistemologie;vývoj vědy;Toulmin, Stephen
Keywords in different language: evolutionary epistemology;development of science;Toulmin, Stephen
Abstract: When answering the question: “How does science really work?” Stephen Toulmin developed his own account of evolutionary epistemology. Evolutionary epistemology should be understood as naturalistic approach to the theory of knowledge which uses models and analogies derived from evolutionary biology. Toulmin states that at each stage there is a pool of competing intellectual variants and each generation selects some of them. The selected ones are incorporated into the science concerned and subsequently passed on to the next generation as integral part of the scientific tradition. Thus science develops as the outcome of a double process: innovation and selection. Given this evolutionary framework the author will look at the nature of intellectual evolution, changes and choices in science.
Rights: © Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Appears in Collections:Číslo 4 (2012)
Číslo 4 (2012)

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