Title: Motherhood at Early Bronze Age Unterhautzenthal, Lower Austria
Authors: Rebay-Salisbury, Katharina
Pany-Kucera, Doris
Spannagl-Steiner, Michaela
Kanz, Fabian
Galeta, Patrik
Teschler-Nicola, Maria
Salisbury, Roderick B.
Citation: REBAY-SALISBURY, K., PANY-KUCERA, D., SPANNAGL-STEINER, M., KANZ, F., GALETA, P., TESCHLER-NICOLA, M., SALISBURY, R. B. Motherhood at Early Bronze Age Unterhautzenthal, Lower Austria. Archaeologia Austriaca, 2018, roč. 102, č. December, s. 71-134. ISSN 0003-8008.
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Document type: článek
URI: 2-s2.0-85063042937
ISSN: 0003-8008
Keywords in different language: Motherhood;women;sex;gender;Early Bronze Age;Austria;Unterhautzenthal.
Abstract in different language: This article utilises skeletal evidence (n = 57) from settlement features and graves at Unterhautzenthal, Lower Austria, to outline our methodological approach to researching motherhood in prehistory. Unterhautzenthal includes the grave of a pregnant teenager, a triple burial of a woman with two children and a family grave of a man, woman and baby; additional women’s graves include remains of neonates and young children. Comparing archaeological context information with osteobiographical data allows us to draw inferences about the social status of women and the ways Bronze Age motherhood was conceptualised. The archaeological approach includes a gender and age analysis of material culture and Social Index calculations. The osteological analyses include age at death, sex, body height, health indicators, and pathologies, with an emphasis on pelvic changes. Physical traces that may relate to strain through pregnancy and childbirth were explored in detail. In addition to morphological assessment of the entire skeletal collection, we applied tooth cementum annulation analysis, 14C dating, and δ13C/δ15N isotope analysis to selected individuals. These data, in conjunction with demographic modelling, enable us to draw conclusions about women’s age at first pregnancy and the average number of children per woman, as well as the cultural and social context of motherhood.
Rights: Plný text není přístupný.
© Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
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