Title: Visualization of secondary flow in a corner of a channel
Authors: Bém, Jindřich
Duda, Daniel
Kovařík, Jiří
Yanovych, Vitalii
Uruba, Václav
Citation: BÉM, J. DUDA, D. KOVAŘÍK, J. YANOVYCH, V. URUBA, V. Visualization of secondary flow in a corner of a channel. In: AIP Conference Proceedings. [S. l.]: American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019. ISBN 978-0-7354-1936-0, ISSN 0094-243X.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: American Institute of Physics Inc.
Document type: konferenční příspěvek
URI: 2-s2.0-85076411702
ISBN: 978-0-7354-1936-0
ISSN: 0094-243X
Keywords in different language: Turbulence, Secondary flow, Boundary layer, Particle Image Velocimetry
Abstract in different language: We report observation of secondary flow in one corner of developing channel air flow. Length of the channel, i.e. length of boundary layer, is 400?mm, which is 3.2 times the channel cross-sectional size. Three components of velocity are measured by using a Stereo Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique in the measurement area of size 24×22?mm, which is perpendicular to the direction of main flow in the channel. The Reynolds number based on the length of the channel ranged from 4·104 to 8·105 and has been controlled via imposed velocity. At low Reynolds number we observe a laminar corner vortex having at all velocities the same orientation. This symmetry breaking is probably caused by an imperfectness of the experimental device. At Reynolds number around 8·104 this vortex starts to slightly variate its strength and position causing transition of boundary layers into turbulence at Re = 1.1·105. At higher Re this laminar vortex disappears from the instantaneous velocity fields, but it is still apparent in the averaged ones. It gets smaller and another oppositely oriented vortex forms; note that the second vortex is not observed in the instantaneous velocity fields, only in the ensemble average. At even higher Re, this secondary flow structure is smaller than the turbulent boundary layers, but its shape of a pair of counter-rotating vortices is conserved probably being a seed for secondary flow between fully developed boundary layers reported in the literature for longer channels with fully developed flow.
Rights: © American Institute of Physics
Appears in Collections:Konferenční příspěvky / Conference papers (CEV)
Konferenční příspěvky / Conference papers (KKE)

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