Title: Marco Polo a jeho znalost asijských jazyků
Authors: Liščák, Vladimír
Citation: Pecha, Lukáš ed. Orientalia antiqua nova XXI, Plzeň, 30. dubna 2021. 1. vyd. Plzeň: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, 2021, s. 52-59. ISBN 978-80-261-1039-2.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: konferenční příspěvek
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/45417
ISBN: 978-80-261-1039-2
Keywords: Marco Polo;jazyky;Asie
Keywords in different language: Marco Polo;languages;Asia
Abstract in different language: Marco Polo and his knowledge of Asian languages Marco Polo (1254–1324) claimed (or rather his editors) that he could speak (and read) in other languages in ad dition to his own, at least five. Although he spoke little Chinese or rather not, he spoke a number of languages used in East Asia at the time – most likely Turkic (in the Kuman dialect: (lingua) tartara; tartaresce; tartaresche), which was also spoken among Mongols, Arabized Per sians, Uighurs and perhaps even he knew Mongolian. While communicating with the Great Khan, Marco Polo was almost certainly able to speak and write Mongolian. Marco Polo usually referred to Chinese local names in Persian, so it is very likely that he spoke Persian and was able to read the Arabic script. In addition, Persian was the lingua franca used throughout the region at the time even at Kublai Khan’s court. The paper brings some particular examples from Marco’s Mss.
Rights: © Autoři, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Appears in Collections:Orientalia antiqua nova XXI (2021)
Orientalia antiqua nova XXI (2021)

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