Název: Parthie a Řím v době Augustově
Autoři: Marek, Václav
Citace zdrojového dokumentu: Acta Fakulty filozofické Západočeské univerzity v Plzni. 2009, č. 1, s. 127-144.
Datum vydání: 2009
Nakladatel: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Typ dokumentu: article
URI: http://ff.zcu.cz/files/Acta-FF/2009/ACTA_FF_2009_1.pdf
ISSN: 1802-0364
Klíčová slova: starověký Řím;Parthia;1. stol. př. Kr.;Augustus
Klíčová slova v dalším jazyce: ancient Rome;Parthie;1st century BC;Augustus
Abstrakt: Both Rome, expanding from the West, and the Parthian Kingdom, expanding in the East, put to end the existence of the Seleucid empire and in the 1st century BC became problematic neighbours and uneasy rivals in the Near East. From the first contact (c. 92 BC) the diplomatic iniciative seemed to be on the Parthian side and military activities with the ambitious Roman generals. From 53 BC onwards the Romans tended to settle the problems in the East by invasions and warfare, mostly with catastrophical endings, such as Crassus’ defeat and death at Carrhae and disastrous expedition of Marcus Antonius. The Parthians responded these acts of aggression by ruinous invading Roman provinces (exploating Roman disarray in the civil wars), but also with no lasting achievements. Augustus, by contrast, calculating unsafe hopes and great risks of a heavy conflict with Parthia decided to solve problems diplomatically. Having used an impressive threat of his legions, he reached a diplomatic accomodation with two Parthian kings, Phraates IV and Phraataces (Phraates V), in 20 BC and AD 2, which in formal treatises stated Euphrates as demarcation line between both empires and a nominal dominance of Rome over Armenia. Thanks to this aggreement, which was propagated as a military success in Rome. Augustus had free hands for another political and expansionistic aims in the West, in the Rhine and Danube regions, where the Princeps saw the priorities of his „global“ imperial governing and could aquire new lands for Rome.
Práva: © Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Vyskytuje se v kolekcích:Číslo 1 (2009)
Číslo 1 (2009)

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