Title: Parthie a Řím v době Augustově
Authors: Marek, Václav
Citation: Acta Fakulty filozofické Západočeské univerzity v Plzni. 2009, č. 1, s. 127-144.
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Document type: article
článek
URI: http://ff.zcu.cz/files/Acta-FF/2009/ACTA_FF_2009_1.pdf
http://hdl.handle.net/11025/6524
ISSN: 1802-0364
Keywords: starověký Řím;Parthia;1. stol. př. Kr.;Augustus
Keywords in different language: ancient Rome;Parthie;1st century BC;Augustus
Abstract: Both Rome, expanding from the West, and the Parthian Kingdom, expanding in the East, put to end the existence of the Seleucid empire and in the 1st century BC became problematic neighbours and uneasy rivals in the Near East. From the first contact (c. 92 BC) the diplomatic iniciative seemed to be on the Parthian side and military activities with the ambitious Roman generals. From 53 BC onwards the Romans tended to settle the problems in the East by invasions and warfare, mostly with catastrophical endings, such as Crassus’ defeat and death at Carrhae and disastrous expedition of Marcus Antonius. The Parthians responded these acts of aggression by ruinous invading Roman provinces (exploating Roman disarray in the civil wars), but also with no lasting achievements. Augustus, by contrast, calculating unsafe hopes and great risks of a heavy conflict with Parthia decided to solve problems diplomatically. Having used an impressive threat of his legions, he reached a diplomatic accomodation with two Parthian kings, Phraates IV and Phraataces (Phraates V), in 20 BC and AD 2, which in formal treatises stated Euphrates as demarcation line between both empires and a nominal dominance of Rome over Armenia. Thanks to this aggreement, which was propagated as a military success in Rome. Augustus had free hands for another political and expansionistic aims in the West, in the Rhine and Danube regions, where the Princeps saw the priorities of his „global“ imperial governing and could aquire new lands for Rome.
Rights: © Západočeská univerzita v Plzni
Appears in Collections:Číslo 1 (2009)
Číslo 1 (2009)

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