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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 70
Baumanová, Monika
Survey and analysis of the architectural heritage at Jumba la Mtwana and Mnarani, precolonial Swahili towns in Kenya

In 2021, a survey of two sites, known as Jumba la Mtwana and Mnarani in Kenya took place, which date between the 14th and 16th centuries CE. The sites represent some of the Swahili towns on the East African coast that were in the precolonial period taking part&#...

Baumanová, Monika
Transitory Courtyards as a Feature of Sustainable Urbanism on the East African Coast

The tropical urbanism of coastal East Africa has a thousand-year-long history, making it a recognized example of sustainable urbanism. Although economically dependent on trade, the precolonial Islamic towns of the so-called Swahili coast did not feature markets or other public buildings dedi...

Branas-Garza, Pablo , Jorrat, Diego , Kovářík, Jaromír , López, María
Hyper-altruistic behavior vanishes with high stakes

Using an incentivized experiment with statistical power, this paper explores the role of stakes in charitable giving of lottery prizes, where subjects commit to donate a fraction of the prize before they learn the outcome of the lottery. We study three stake levels: 5€ (n ...

Tarant, Zbyněk
Blessed Be the Surgeon? The Lubavitcher Rebbe, the Emuna u-mada’ Controversy and Its Legacy

This article analyzes the intellectual controversy sparked by the remarks of the last Rebbe of the Lubavitcher dynasty, Menachem Mendel Schneerson (1902-1994), concerning the alleged Divine role in the horrors of the Shoah in the 1970s. The ensuing dispute took place in the form&#x...

Záhořík, Jan
Competing -Isms in the Horn of Africa: The Rise and Fall of Pan-Ethiopianism and Pan-Somalism

The article deals with the rise and fall of two great Pan-movements, the Pan-Ethiopianism and Pan-Somalism which have affected the internal and international affairs in the Horn of Africa up to this day.

Sobotková, Veronika
Hrajeme si na Boha?: Lékařské technologie a změna Božího stvoření z perspektivy ší‘itského islámu

Shi‘ite Islam posits that medical technologies such as cloning or genetic engineering are not a change in God’s creation and cannot be forbidden for this reason. The study presents the main religious­-legal arguments for this opinion and the difference between the view of Shi‘ite&#...

Záhořík, Jan , Maxwell, Alexander , Turner, Molly
The Nation versus the “Not-Quite-Nation”: A Semantic Approach to Nationalism and its Terminology

The study discusses various case studies of semantic approaches to nationalism and problems with its terminology.

Kohout, Jiří , Pešková, Michaela , Skopečková, Eva , Voltrová, Michaela
Zur Wahrnehmung der kommunikativen Kompetenz durch Lehramtsstudierende

Baumanová, Monika
Precolonial soundscapes of Swahili coastal towns in East Africa

This paper aims to open the discussion on the characteristics of the acoustic landscapes in precolonial Swahili towns on the East African coast, where this theme to date remains unstudied. It focuses on assessing some aspects of the acoustic experience in the precolonial period...

Shojaeipour, Shahriar , Sobotková, Veronika , Alavi Ghazvini, Seyed 'Ali
Artificial fertilisation and „Being a Mother“ Problematics from the Viewpoint of Contemporary Shi’i Fiqh

This study deals with an important question within the field of Islamic bioethics: who is the mother if more than one woman is involved in the process of artificial fertilization? The Shi‘i fuqahā ͗ have developed four theories about “being a mother”. In order to gain...

Tarant, Zbyněk
Emanuel Beška, Gabriel Pirický, Jaroslav Drobný: Nenaplnené nádeje Arabskej jari – Desaťročie revolúcií, povstání a konfliktov na Blízkom východe [book review]

Slowík, Josef , Pešková, Michaela , Shatunova, Olga , Bartus, Ewa
The competences of young teachers in the education of pupils with special educational needs

The present article considers the problem of readiness of young teachers to teach children with special educational needs in countries where the introduction of inclusive education began only in the last decade. The authors describe the key concepts of the theory of formation of&#x...

Vis, Benjamin
Transitions and Transformations: Evidential Relations between Archaeology and Urban Morphology

There has been a loose association between archaeology and urban morphology since its emergence. Nonetheless, it would appear relatively few urban morphologists have a proper grounding in archaeology and it seldom comes to explicit exchanges on theoretical, analytical, or purposive grounds. ...

Baumanová, Monika
Urban kinaesthetic heritage and production of social sustainability

The paper addresses the current need for expanding ways to understand and research aspects of urban sustainability, which are related to the social environment. Sustainability of living historic cities is related to, among other factors, their socio-spatial structure and relationships. For p...

Sobotková, Veronika
Boundaries of Life and Death from the Viewpoint of Shi’i Islamic Jurisprudence and the Consequences in the Field of Islamic Bioethics

The article provides an overview of the various opinions, theories and debate concerning the boundaries of human life (the beginning and end of human life) in Shi‘i Islam and the important consequences in terms of the use of different medical technologies. It considers this is...

Baumanová, Monika
Sensory Synaesthesia: Combined Analyses Based on Space Syntax in African Urban Contexts

The organization of past urban space continues to be an important focus of archaeological research in sub-Saharan Africa where the methods of space syntax now offer new interpretations of the built environment. Traditionally, space syntax uses access analysis graphs for buildings and ax...

Šiška, Jan , Yirgashewa, Abdi , Beadle-Brown, Julie , Záhořík, Jan
Role of resource centres in facilitating inclusive education: experience from Ethiopia

Baumanová, Monika , Šmejda, Ladislav
Space as material culture: residential stone buildings on the precolonial Swahili coast in a comparative perspective

This paper develops the notion that the structure of residential spaces has long been in a dialogue with social environments. It elaborates theoretical and methodological streams in the social sciences that focus on the interplay between society and the built environment. Space, rather&...

Charvát, Petr
Sumerians and their Soups

A study of inscriptions on some seal impressions of archaic Ur (c. 2900-2700 BC), pertaining to food preparation.

Záhořík, Jan
Inherited Inequalities and Uneasy Transformation: Socioeconomic and Ethno-political Pitfalls of an Ongoing Crisis in Ethiopia

The article deals with socioeconomic and ethno-political challenges that current Ethiopia is facing. It takes these aspects into a historical perspective.

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 70