Title: Factors determining profitability of small and medium enterprises in selected industry of mechanical engineering in the Slovak republic: the empirical study
Authors: Lesáková, Ľubica
Ondrušová, Andrea
Vinczeová, Miroslava
Citation: E+M. Ekonomie a Management = Economics and Management. 2019, roč. 22, č. 1, s. 144-160.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Technická univerzita v Liberci
Document type: článek
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11025/34874
ISSN: 2336-5604 (Online)
1212-3609 (Print)
Keywords: analýza ziskovosti;faktory určující ziskovost;strojírenství;malé a střední podniky;Slovenská republika
Keywords in different language: profitability analysis;factors determining profitability;machinery industry;small and medium enterprises;Slovak republic
Abstract in different language: The profi tability analysis revealing factors infl uencing profi tability becomes a very helpful tool providing guidelines for managers in their short-term as well as strategic decision-making process. To take right decisions, managers need to analyse their fi nancial situation, especially in respect to fi rm´s profi tability and the factors infl uencing it. Mechanical engineering industry belongs to key industries in Slovakia. It apparently plays an essential role in the global economy, it is a source of entrepreneurship, innovations and new jobs. Many of enterprises operating in this industry are small or medium-sized. These are some of the reasons for which SMEs´ profi tability and ways of its improvement should draw particular attention. The paper presents results of research carried out in the selected industry of mechanical engineering of SMEs in Slovakia (SK NACE rev. 2 28xxx – Manufacture of machinery and equipment not elsewhere classifi ed). The aim of the research is to analyse and evaluate the development of profi tability in this industry during the period 2008- 2015 and to identify key external and internal factors infl uencing profi tability of SMEs over that period. In order to determine the infl uence of basic indicators, the DuPont pyramidal analysis was performed. Data obtained by means of the questionnaire survey enabled to identify the factors affecting profi tability whose infl uence is impossible to calculate. The Friedman and Wilcoxon tests were used to evaluate the answers in questionnaires. Results are connected with the evaluation of three hypotheses defi ned in regard of the established goal of the paper.
Rights: CC BY-NC 4.0
Appears in Collections:Číslo 2 (2019)
Číslo 2 (2019)

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